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Crypto-economics: Beyond BitCoin

By Joshua Berk

Introduction

Crypto 'currencies' will create a fifth protocol layer powering the next generation of the Internet, law, and applications. Learn or be left behind. Bitcoin (the first-generation crypto-coin) inspired many imitators, including the next generation Ethereum. This course covers those, including the blockchain, algorithms, novel applications of the underlying technology, market dynamics, and how to get involved in the growing community. Expect to finish in two days. Feedback? Did I miss anything? Let me know! Twitter: @JoshuaJBerk ... As everything evolves (which it is -- rapidly!), this course will be updated. After you've finished, if you'd like to collaborate on a next-generation crypto project, say hello! => http://joshua.berk.is/taking-your-requests/

Joshua Berk — #Entrepreneur | Previously @Google + @JPMorgan + @BostonCollege | Breaking things & moving quickly | ...

Added by Joshua Berk: “An introduction to Bitcoin, the cryptocurrency invented by Satoshi Nakamoto (an anonymous researcher).

2 Bitcoin: An Introduction

Alice need not provide currency to Bob in-person. She may instead transfer this value by first entrusting her currency to a bank who promises to store and protect Alice's currency notes. The bank gives Alice a written promise (called a "bank statement") that entitles her to withdraw the same number of currency bills that she deposited.

Added by Joshua Berk: “Jerry Brito is a senior research fellow at George Mason University's Mercatus Center and director of its Technology Policy Program. His research focuses on internet policy, copyright, and the regulatory process.

3 [Essential] VICE Podcast 027: Bitcoin

Added by Joshua Berk: “Naval Ravikant is a premiere angel investor and technophile. He's been alarmingly accurate at predicting organizational, investing, and financial trends.

4 The Fifth Protocol

"Wait a minute... Make up your mind. This Snow Crash thing-is it a virus, a drug, or a religion?" Juanita shrugs. "What's the difference?" - Snow Crash Cryptocurrencies will create a fifth protocol layer powering the next generation of the Internet. Humans don't *need* math-based cryptocurrencies when dealing with other humans. We walk slowly, talk slowly, and buy big things.

Added by Joshua Berk: “Marc Andreessen, perhaps the most influential venture capitalist in the world, on why BitCoin matters.

5 Why Bitcoin Matters

Editor's note: Marc Andreessen's venture capital firm, Andreessen Horowitz, has invested just under $50 million in Bitcoin-related start-ups. The firm is actively searching for more Bitcoin-based investment opportunities. He does not personally own more than a de minimis amount of Bitcoin. A mysterious new technology emerges, seemingly out of nowhere, but actually the result of two decades of intense research

Added by Joshua Berk: “Brass tax on the cryptocurrency.

8 Let's Cut Through the Bitcoin Hype: A Hacker-Entrepreneur's Take

Bitcoin. Everybody's talking about it. What's true, and what's hype? Perhaps the only thing that's clear about Bitcoin is that it's not going away anytime soon. Who am I to say? I'm not an economist; I'm a hacker, who has spent his career exploring and repairing large networks. And networks may very well be how the world works - financial,

Added by Joshua Berk: “This part of the technology stack behind crypto-coins is fundamental to how it works -- a basic understanding of cryptography algorithms will really help put other chapters in context.

9 A Primer On Elliptic-curve Cryptography

Author Nick Sullivan worked for six years at Apple on many of its most important cryptography efforts before recently joining CloudFlare, where he is a systems engineer. He has a degree in mathematics from the University of Waterloo and a Masters in computer science with a concentration in cryptography from the University of Calgary. This post was originally written for

Added by Joshua Berk: “11 resources for diving deeper and getting a better understanding of the decentralization movement. These are real world use cases showing how it will impact, effect, and change the future.

12 [Optional] Decentralized Application Resources

Decentralized applications and decentralized autonomous corporations; you've been hearing about them, but do you fully understand? The great thing about this industry is the amount of intelligent people working on these projects, and publishing their work for the community. This 'open source' mentality is greatly accelerating the development and growth of decentralized applications - proven by the amount of projects

Added by Joshua Berk: “Communication, Collaboration, Creation, Exchange, and Arbitration.

13 The Decentralized, Autonomous society.

Decentralized autonomous society empowers individuals by rewarding innovation through sharing, distributed ownership, and abundance. By sharing innovative ideas, we can build a much better, fair, transparent, and innovative society that is based on group consensus, rather than a society enforced by rules and regulations. For any society to operate on complete autonomy, it should have the following five major components

Added by Joshua Berk: “"Smart contracts are unambiguous. They are enforced by cryptographic algorithms. The rules of the game are determined before the contract executes, rather than at the foot of a judge's podium."

14 Code as Law: Decentralize the Courtroom

Image: ShutterstockRemember hearing that bitcoin is the new internet? Well, while finance was the technology's first battleground, it is slowly bleeding into other sectors-everything from airplanes to democratic voting, and possibly, the law itself. The bitcoin protocol, that strange decentralized creature, could make legal services more accessible, potentially revolutionizing the current justice system. "Smart contracts" are a big piece of

Added by Joshua Berk: “Moving beyond pure money-based implementations.

15 Bitcoin's Baby

If you've been following the Bitcoin movement, you've seen it grow, since its inception five years ago, from idealogical experiment to fully-fledged currency with its own ATM machines, billionaire investors and billion dollar marketplace and yes, place on the world stage. You've seen the introduction of bitcoin-mining specific hardware (that costs more than many people can afford). You've seen Silk

Added by Joshua Berk: “Al Jazeera: "The world’s next social contracts, the successors to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the U.S. Constitution, could be written in Ethereum’s programming language"

16 Code your own utopia.

The IRS issued a telling statement of metaphysics in March. A few weeks before tax day, it ruled that bitcoin, the first and best-known Internet-based cryptocurrency, is not to be considered a currency at all but an investment, subject to capital-gains tax. While this is a rather clumsy adaptation of antiquated regulations to a field they were never designed to

Added by Joshua Berk: “Vitalik Buterin on the next-generation application platform.

17 Bitcoin Magazine on Ethereum

The author of this article, Vitalik Buterin, is also the founder of Ethereum, and this article is intended as an expository piece and not a review. Over the past year, there has been an increasingly large amount of discussion around so-called "Bitcoin 2.0″ protocols - alternative cryptographic networks that are inspired by Bitcoin, but which intend to make the underlying

Added by Joshua Berk: “Stephan Tual is the CCO of Ethereum; in this video he provides a medium-depth overview of possible applications.

18 What is Ethereum?

Added by Joshua Berk: “Provides a thorough overview of Cryptocurrency 2.0 and the goals of the project as a foundation for next-generation decentralized trustless applications. If you read nothing else in the course, read this. It's that important.

19 [Essential] Ethereum White Paper

Added by Joshua Berk: “"Now, it may be possible to create systems of governance that are more fluid and generalized that take advantage of the full power law curve of people’s ability and desire to contribute."

21 An Introduction to Futarchy

One of the more interesting long-term practical benefits of the technology and concept behind decentralized autonomous organizations is that DAOs allow us to very quickly prototype and experiment with an aspect of our social interactions that is so far arguably falling behind our rapid advancements in information and social technology elsewhere: organizational governance. Although our modern communications technology is drastically

Added by Joshua Berk: “"Bitcoin is giving banks a run for their money. Now the same technology threatens to eradicate social networks, stock markets, even national governments. Are we heading towards an anarchic future where centralised power of any kind will dissolve?"

22 The Coming Digital Anarchy

Added by Joshua Berk: “From the Ethereum DEV team. Pick whichever ones you find interesting, as they're quite long. The Gibbon parser doesn't seem to be reading this playlist properly, so please visit the below URL instead... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHAAktdxSOE&index=1&list=PLjuay2UerTi6IKzckR2L351Rvc3BZSUNr

25 [Extra Credit] EtherCast Presentations

Added by Joshua Berk: “Extra (but not light) reading from a leading expert on many of the subjects covered in this course.

29 [Extra Credit] Essays of Nick Szabo

I blog at Unenumerated. An Explanation of the Kula Ring Patterns I've discussed before (unforgeable costliness, specific cycles, and trust minimization in institution design) explain the unique two-collectible kula cycle. Concise TutorialsRecent Essays and Papers Technological Protection of RightsSecurity, Fault Tolerance, Computation, Information, MathematicsHistory and Theory of Institutions Clay envelope and tokens, Sumer, c. 3,400 B.C. Silver ring and coil

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