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A brief history of personal computing

By Steven Otto

Introduction

Who were the visionaries behind the original human computer interaction vision? Complementary reading for Mitchell Waldrops book 'The Dream Machine'.

Steven Otto — Tech-savvy UX/UI Designer from Leiden, The Netherlands.

1 Vannevar Bush - As we may think (1945)

Assume a linear ratio of 100 for future use. Consider film of the same thickness as paper, although thinner film will certainly be usable. Even under these conditions there would be a total factor of 10,000 between the bulk of the ordinary record on books, and its microfilm replica. The Encyclopoedia Britannica could be reduced to the volume of a

3 Norbert Wiener - Cybernetics (1948)

Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine was written by Norbert Wiener and published in 1948. It is the first public usage of the term " cybernetics" to refer to self-regulating mechanisms. The book laid the theoretical foundation for servomechanisms (whether electrical, mechanical or hydraulic), automatic navigation, analog computing, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, and reliable communications. A

5 Douglas Engelbart - Augmenting Human Intellect (1962)

Engelbart: "Augmenting Human Intellect" "By "augmenting human intellect" we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex problem situation, to gain comprehension to suit his particular needs, and to derive solutions to problems... whether the problem situation exists for twenty minutes or twenty years. We do not speak of isolated clever tricks that help in particular situations.

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